One of my very dear friends wanted to write the extended version of leadership styles in which she wanted to add one more style so here is his writing below.
Definition of Leadership
“A process of influencing a group to achieve goals”
Leadership is influencing other people to do task.
People have been interested in leadership since they have started coming together in groups to accomplish goals. However it was not until the early part of 20th century that researchers actually began to study leadership. Leadership exhibits a high effort level and a relatively high desire for achievement. Leadership contains ambition energy and tireless work ability. Leadership is the willingness to take responsibilities.
Styles of Leadership:
Leadership is done through different styles. The four major styles of leadership are as follows:
v Autocratic Leadership.
v Bureaucratic Leadership.
v Laissez-faire Style.
v Democratic Leadership.
Autocratic Style of Leadership:
It is a classical approach. In this style the manager has all the powers and authority. He never consults his employees. The employees are not allowed to give their opinion in any matter. The employees are only to obey the orders as told by the managers. That is why the turnover rate is higher in organizations having Autocratic Leaders. Autocratic Leaders influence employees by punishment and threats. They do not trust on employees.
Bureaucratic Style of Leadership:
In this style of leadership the manager manages everything by the “Book”. Everything is very procedure and counted. Special policies are built up to manage the work. The Bureaucratic Leaders are like police officers or army officers, who likes to enforce rules.
Laissez-faire Style of Leadership:
This style is known as “hands off” style of leadership. The leader or manager provides a little or no direction to the employees to work. It gives full relaxation to the employees to do work as they like. They have full freedom of doing whatever they like or make goals or tasks as they feel good of doing. They are free to take decisions and resolve problems on their own.
Democratic Style of Leadership:
This style of leadership is called the most participative leadership because it encourages the employees to give or take part in making any decision. A Democratic Leader share the information of everything with the employees which is related to their work to take their opinion about the problem so that they can share the problem sharing responsibilities.
Democratic Leadership creates a positive environment to work. The final decision is of the manager but still the information and opinions are taken from everyone. It produces high quality and quantity work for a long period of time. The employees feel ease to work in this kind of environment and they corporate with team spirit and high morale. The Democratic Leaders helps the employees to evaluate their performance and they provide encouragement and trust among employees.
All the above styles of Leadership are practiced in our present world. It is not said that which the best style of Leadership among these four is because there are different circumstances and environments of working. Sometimes Autocratic Style is useful to control and get better results and to achieve goals of the organizations and sometimes Democratic is appreciated.